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- Daniel P. Benesh; Martin Kalbe
- journal of animal ecology 2016 v.85 no.4 pp. 1004-1013
- Gasterosteus aculeatus; Schistocephalus; Trematoda; cages; community structure; cross immunity; energy; field experimentation; fish; foraging; immune response; interspecific competition; intraspecific variation; lakes; tapeworms
- ... Non‐random species associations occur in naturally sampled parasite communities. The processes resulting in predictable community structure (e.g. particular host behaviours, cross‐immunity, interspecific competition) could be affected by traits that vary within a parasite species, like growth or antigenicity. We experimentally infected three‐spined sticklebacks with a large tapeworm (Schistocephal ...
- ROSS M. THOMPSON; KIM N. MOURITSEN; ROBERT POULIN
- journal of animal ecology 2005 v.74 no.1 pp. 77-85
- Trematoda; aquatic food webs; community structure; energy flow; food chain; helminths; host specificity; hosts; littoral zone; marine ecosystems; parasitism; predators; New Zealand
- ... 1 Despite their documented effects on trophic interactions and community structure, parasites are rarely included in food web analyses. The transmission routes of most parasitic helminths follow closely the trophic relationships among their successive hosts and are thus embedded in food webs, in a way that may influence energy flow and the structure of the web. 2 We investigated the impact of para ...