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- Daniel L. Kresge; Kathleen Melanson
- Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism 2014 v.40 no.4 pp. 401-406
- blood glucose; body mass index; breakfast; calorimetry; chewing gum; cross-over studies; energy expenditure; fasting; females; males; mastication; metabolism; oxidation; satiety; test meals
- ... Chewing has been associated with improved satiation and satiety, but little is known about the metabolic impact of gum chewing. We tested the hypothesis that gum chewing would increase energy expenditure (EE) and reduce respiratory exchange ratio (RER) before and after a controlled test meal. Seventeen males and 13 females (age 21.5 ± 6.6 years, body mass index 23.9 ± 2.8 kg/m²) participated in a ...
- Kirsten N. Bott; Sandra M. Sacco; Patrick C. Turnbull; Amanda B. Longo; Wendy E. Ward; Sandra J. Peters
- Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism 2016 v.41 no.6 pp. 597-604
- bone density; bone strength; dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry; food intake; males; mandible (bone); mastication; materials testing; metabolism; micro-computed tomography; rats; skeleton; tibia; vertebrae
- ... Bone microarchitecture, bone mineral density (BMD), and bone strength are affected positively by impact activities such as running; however, there are discrepancies in the magnitude of these effects. These inconsistencies are mainly a result of varying training protocols, analysis techniques, and whether or not the skeletal sites measured are weight bearing. This study’s purpose was to determine t ...