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- Lin, Yu-Hung; Lin, Hui-You; Shiau, Shi-Yen
- Aquaculture 2011 v.317 no.1-4 pp. 133-137
- Epinephelus malabaricus; experimental diets; feed conversion; fish feeding; folic acid; grouper; immune response; leukocytes; nutritive value; seawater; superoxide anion; thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances; weight gain
- ... To quantify the dietary folic acid (FA) requirement of grouper, Epinephelus malabaricus, and its effects on non-specific immune responses, FA was added to a basal diet at 0, 0.4, 0.8, 1.2, 2, 4, 6 and 10mgFA/kg, providing actual dietary values of 0, 0.39, 0.72, 1.03, 1.89, 3.36, 5.85, and 9.52mgFA/kg, respectively for a total of 8 experimental diets. Each diet was fed to triplicate groups of fish ...
- Hernández, Crisantema; Olvera-Novoa, Miguel A.; Smith, David M.; Hardy, Ronald W.; Gonzalez-Rodriguez, Blanca
- Aquaculture 2011 v.317 no.1-4 pp. 117-123
- Litopenaeus vannamei; amino acid composition; crude protein; digestibility; digestible protein; experimental diets; feed conversion; feed formulation; feed intake; feed supplements; fish waste; ingredients; lactic fermentation; meat meal; microbial biomass; protein hydrolysates; protein sources; protein value; shrimp; tanks; tuna; weight gain
- ... Approximately 52–54% of the total weight of tuna fish is discarded as waste during canning. This waste can be stabilized through lactic acid fermentation to form a partially hydrolyzed, protein-rich product that is enriched with microbial biomass. The product can be used as an additive to improve the nutritional value of the terrestrial protein ingredients that are included in shrimp feed formulat ...