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- Schendel, E.K.; Nordstrom, S.E.; Lavkulich, L.M.
- Aquaculture research 2004 v.35 no.5 pp. 483-493
- fish farms; carbon; heterotrophs; phosphorus; marine sediments; sulfur; iron; mariculture; salmon; silica; copper; calcium; potassium; fish culture; zinc; nitrogen; magnesium; aluminum; bacteria; British Columbia
- ... Open ocean pen aquacultural operations are leaky systems with potential environmental impacts of metabolic excretions products, feed additives, and anti-fouling agents. This study analysed the water-sediment interface along a horizontal transect away from a fish farm, noting variations between water, floc, and sediment properties. The properties examined included nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), carb ...