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- Jorge, Marianna B., et al. Show all 5 Authors
- Aquatic toxicology 2013 v.126 pp. 137-147
- Environmental Protection Agency; adenosinetriphosphatase; antioxidant activity; aquatic organisms; bioaccumulation; chronic exposure; chronic toxicity; copper; developmental stages; free radicals; glutathione transferase; lipid peroxidation; long term effects; mechanism of action; mortality; mussels; oxidative stress; oxygen consumption; physiological response; sodium; sublethal effects; water quality criteria; United States
- ... Several studies have indicated that the early life stages of freshwater mussels are among the most sensitive aquatic organisms to inorganic chemicals, including copper. However, little is known about the toxic mode of action and sub-lethal effects of copper exposure in this group of imperiled animals. In this study, the physiological effects of long-term copper exposure (survival, growth, copper b ...