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- Nijs, Catherine; Billen, Johan
- Arthropod structure & development 2015 v.44 no.5 pp. 433-443
- Vespula vulgaris; chemical analysis; cleaning; exocrine glands; legs; males; social insects; surveys
- ... This study brings a survey of the exocrine glands in the legs of Vespula vulgaris wasps. We studied workers, males, virgin queens as well as mated queens. A variety of 17 glands is found in the different leg segments. Among these, five glands are novel exocrine structures for social insects (trochanter-femur gland, ventrodistal tibial gland, distal tibial sac gland, ventral tibial gland, and ventr ...