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- Stephens, Christopher B.; Prosser, Diann J.; Pantin-Jackwood, Mary J.; Berlin, Alicia M.; Spackman, Erica
- Avian diseases 2019 v.63 no.sp1 pp. 230-234
- Aythya affinis; Influenza A virus; body temperature; chickens; cloaca; ducks; eggs; hosts; mortality; pathogenesis; pathogenicity; poultry diseases; viral shedding; virulent strains; viruses; waterfowl; wild birds; United States
- ... Waterfowl are the natural hosts of avian influenza virus (AIV), and through migration spread the virus worldwide. Most AIVs carried by wild waterfowl are low pathogenic strains; however, Goose/Guangdong/1996 lineage clade 22.214.171.124 H5 highly pathogenic (HP) AIV now appears to be endemic in wild birds in much of the Eastern Hemisphere. Most research efforts studying AIV pathogenicity in waterfowl thu ...