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- Landman, W. J. M.; Germeraad, E. A.; Kense, M. J.
- Avian pathology 2019 v.48 no.2 pp. 98-110
- Influenza A virus; Mycoplasma gallisepticum; Newcastle disease; avian influenza; bacterial infections; case studies; decolorization; drugs; egg drop syndrome; egg production; egg shell; eggs; farms; flocks; hens; infectious bronchitis; intravenous injection; mortality; necropsy; nicarbazin; pathogenicity; viruses; Netherlands
- ... An outbreak of low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) subtype H6N1 (intravenous pathogenicity index = 0.11) infection occurred in four productive brown layer flocks on three farms in the Netherlands within a period of two months. The farms were located at a maximum distance of 4.6 km from each other. The infections were associated with egg production drops up to 74%, pale eggshells and persisting h ...
- Giotis, Efstathios S.; Skinner, Michael A.
- Avian pathology 2019 v.48 no.2 pp. 87-90
- Fowlpox virus; Reticuloendotheliosis virus; flocks; insects; mutation; pathogens; penetrance; phylogeny; poultry; risk; sequence analysis; serotypes; vaccination; viruses; wild birds
- ... Fowlpox virus is the type species of an extensive and poorly-defined group of viruses isolated from more than 200 species of birds, together comprising the avipoxvirus genus of the poxvirus family. Long known as a significant poultry pathogen, vaccines developed in the early and middle years of the twentieth century led to its effective eradication as a problem to commercial production in temperat ...