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- Balouria, Aadish; Deshmukh, Sidhartha; Banga, H. S.; Ahmad, Ajaz; Brar, R. S.; Sodhi, Sandeep
- Avian pathology 2019 v.48 no.2 pp. 168-177
- Avibacterium paragallinarum; Coturnix japonica; antiserum; bacterial antigens; chickens; farmers; immunoelectrophoresis; immunohistochemistry; microorganisms; nasal cavity; pathogens; polyclonal antibodies; respiratory mucosa; swollen head syndrome; vaccines; virulence
- ... Infectious coryza (IC) is often a curse for poultry farmers when it occurs concurrently with several pathogens causing swollen head syndrome. The disease is caused by Avibacterium paragallinarum, which inflicts initial damage to the nasal and respiratory epithelium. This facilitates the progression of disease pathology across the nasal cavity, thereby providing a platform for multiplication of opp ...
- Bu, Ya-wen; Yang, Hui-ming; Jin, Ji-hui; Zhao, Jing; Xue, Jia; Zhang, Guo-zhong
- Avian pathology 2019 v.48 no.2 pp. 91-97
- chickens; Newcastle disease; specific pathogen-free animals; chicken eggs; morbidity; vaccines; Avian orthoavulavirus 1; viruses; genotype; reverse genetics; vaccination; death; virulence; mortality
- ... Intensive vaccination strategies against Newcastle disease (ND) have been implemented in many countries for a long time, but ND outbreaks still occur frequently, with most isolates belonging to genotype VII of Newcastle disease virus (NDV). Many researchers have revealed that vaccines closely matched to epidemic viruses provide better protection. Therefore, using a previously established reverse g ...