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- Spadavecchia, C., et al. Show all 5 Authors
- BMC veterinary research 2018 v.14 no.1 pp. 220
- acepromazine; analgesia; anesthesia; animal welfare; farmers; farms; heat; ketamine; kids (goats); lidocaine; protocols; risk factors; veterinary medicine; vocalization; xylazine
- ... BACKGROUND: Certified Swiss farmers are allowed to disbud their goat kids using a standard intramuscularly administered anaesthetic mixture. This mixture, containing xylazine and ketamine, is officially distributed with the goal to provide a painless disbudding. This study aimed to evaluate the quality of analgesia and anaesthesia achieved during disbudding, when performed by Swiss farmers. To ass ...
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