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- Chernenko, Anton; Vidal-Garcia, Marta; Helanterä, Heikki; Sundström, Liselotte
- Behavioral ecology and sociobiology 2013 v.67 no.5 pp. 727-735
- Formica fusca; eggs; hosts; males; parasites; progeny; pupation; risk; social parasitism
- ... Parasites reduce host fitness, and so instigate counter adaptations by their hosts. In temporary social parasitism, usurpers must not only enter the colony unharmed, but also have their eggs reared by the host workers. We introduced parasitic Formica lugubris and Formica aquilonia queens into queen right and orphaned fragments of three host species, Formica cinerea, Formica picea and Formica fusca ...