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- Jenkins, Helen L.; Bishop, John D. D.; Hughes, Roger N.
- Biological journal of the Linnean Society 2015 v.116 no.3 pp. 593-602
- sex allocation, etc ; outcrossing; phylogeny; aquatic invertebrates; Bryozoa; progeny; spermatozoa; Angiospermae; reproductive isolation; eggs; females; Show all 11 Subjects
- ... Many sessile, suspension‐feeding marine invertebrates mate by spermcasting: aquatic sperm are spawned and gathered by conspecific individuals to fertilize eggs that are generally retained during development. In two phylogenetically distant examples, a cheilostome bryozoan and an aplousobranch ascidian, the receipt of allosperm has previously been shown to alter sex allocation by triggering female ...