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- Liu, Hongbo; Chen, Xiubao; Su, Yanping; Kang, Ik Joon; Qiu, Xuchun; Shimasaki, Yohei; Oshima, Yuji; Yang, Jian
- Bulletin of environmental contamination and toxicology 2016 v.97 no.4 pp. 504-509
- Anodonta woodiana; calcium; cations; copper; juveniles; magnesium; median effective concentration; mussels; toxicity; toxicity testing
- ... We evaluated the effects of calcium (Ca²⁺) and magnesium (Mg²⁺) ions on copper (Cu) toxicity to glochidia and newly-transformed juvenile mussels (age 1–2 days) of the Chinese pond mussel (Anodonta woodiana). Acute Cu toxicity tests were performed with glochidia for 24 h and juveniles for 96 h with measured Ca²⁺ concentrations of 1.1, 14, 26, 51, and 99 mg L⁻¹, or measured Mg²⁺ concentrations of 2. ...