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- Lee, Janice Ser Huay; Abood, Sinan; Ghazoul, Jaboury; Barus, Baba; Obidzinski, Krystof; Koh, Lian Pin
- Conservation letters 2014 v.7 no.1 pp. 25-33
- Elaeis guineensis; biodiversity; carbon; carbon dioxide; carbon sinks; deforestation; emissions; environmental impact; forests; monitoring; peat; plantations; private enterprises; swamps; Indonesia
- ... The expansion of large‐scale oil palm plantations in Indonesia has taken a heavy toll on forests, biodiversity, and carbon stocks but little is known about the environmental impacts from the smallholder sector. Here, we compare the magnitude of forest and carbon loss attributable to smallholdings, private enterprises, and state‐owned oil palm plantations in Sumatra. During 2000–2010, oil palm deve ...
- Lindenmayer, David B.; Laurance, William F.; Franklin, Jerry F.; Likens, Gene E.; Banks, Sam C.; Blanchard, Wade; Gibbons, Philip; Ikin, Karen; Blair, David; McBurney, Lachlan; Manning, Adrian D.; Stein, John A.R.
- Conservation letters 2014 v.7 no.1 pp. 61-69
- browsing; carbon; ecosystems; forests; herbivores; issues and policy; mortality; recruitment; salvage logging; savannas; spray drift; trees; wildlife habitats; woodlands
- ... Large old trees are critical organisms and ecological structures in forests, woodlands, savannas, and agricultural and urban environments. They play many essential ecological roles ranging from the storage of large amounts of carbon to the provision of key habitats for wildlife. Some of these roles cannot be replaced by other structures. Large old trees are disproportionately vulnerable to loss in ...