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- Kapczynski, Darrell R., et al. Show all 3 Authors
- Developmental and comparative immunology 2013 v.41 no.3 pp. 447
- Newcastle disease; Newcastle disease virus; antibodies; cell-mediated immunity; chickens; disease transmission; genes; glycoproteins; hemagglutinins; host range; immune response; morbidity; mortality; new methods; pathogens; serotypes; vaccination; vaccines; viral fusion proteins; virulence; viruses
- ... Newcastle disease (ND) remains a constant threat to poultry producers worldwide, in spite of the availability and global employment of ND vaccinations since the 1950s. Strains of Newcastle disease virus (NDV) belong to the order Mononegavirales, family Paramyxoviridae, and genus Avulavirus, are contained in one serotype and are also known as avian paramyxovirus serotype-1 (APMV-1). They are pleomo ...