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- Van Buskirk, Josh; Ostfeld, Richard S.
- Ecological applications 1995 v.5 no.4 pp. 1133-1140
- Ixodes scapularis; Lyme disease; adults; alternative hosts; birds; computer simulation; fecundity; humans; juveniles; models; risk; small mammals; species diversity; ticks
- ... We used computer simulation of Lyme disease to test the hypothesis that infection rates of ticks and risk to humans could be reduced by controlling populations of the vertebrate hosts of vector ticks. The model was patterned after the life cycle of the deer tick (Ixodes scapularis). Annual survival and fecundity were dependent on the availability of hosts. The likelihood of ticks becoming infected ...
- Rogers-Bennett, Laura; Bennett, William A.; Fastenau, Henry C.; Dewees, Christopher M.
- Ecological applications 1995 v.5 no.4 pp. 1171-1180
- Strongylocentrotus; adults; algae; autumn; gonads; juveniles; larvae; principal component analysis; refuge habitats; reproduction; spawning; spring; summer; California; Red Sea
- ... Red sea urchins (Strongylocentrotus franciscanus), residing in shallow habitats in Bodega Bay, California are morphologically distinct and possibly enhance recruitment by spawning larvae and sheltering juveniles. This suggests shallow beds of urchins would be ideal candidates for harvest refugia promoting the production of larvae to replenish deeper harvested habitats. Red urchins from shallow bed ...