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- Haegerbaeumer, Arne; Raschke, Ricarda; Reiff, Nicola; Traunspurger, Walter; Höss, Sebastian
- Ecotoxicology and environmental safety 2019 v.183
- Caenorhabditis elegans; bioassays; cost effectiveness; ecosystems; ecotoxicology; fludioxonil; median effective concentration; models; plant protection; risk assessment; soil; soil ecology; soil invertebrates; toxicity; toxicity testing
- ... The lower tier toxicity tests used for risk assessment of plant protection products are conducted with single species, only regarding direct effects of the tested substances. However, it is not clear, if lower tier tests are able to protect in situ soil communities, as these tests are not able to account for direct and indirect effects of chemicals on multi-species systems in natural soil communit ...