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- Jianyun, Zhu; Li, Chen; Lijuan, Xia; Bin, Wang
- Energy 2019 v.177 pp. 247-261
- batteries; energy use and consumption; fuels; greenhouse gas emissions; greenhouse gases; industry; ships
- ... Growing concerns about reducing fuel consumption and global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions have forced the shipping industry to accelerate the development of plug-in hybrid electric propulsion systems (HEPSs). However, the design optimization of plug-in HEPSs with the single objective of saving fuel may result in increased GHG emissions. This study proposes a bi-objective optimization by consideri ...