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- Zheng, Qi; Lin, Bairong; Zhang, Qiuping; Wu, Songqing; Wang, Songtao; He, Xinxin; Wang, Yibin; Guan, Xiong; Huang, Xiaohong
- Energy 2015 v.29 no.7 pp. 4305-4310
- Bacillus thuringiensis; acid treatment; calcium hydroxide; carbon; cellulose; distillers grains; enzymatic hydrolysis; fermentation; flavor; flavor compounds; industrial wastes; liquor industry; microbial growth; microorganisms; odors; pollution; reducing sugars; sodium hydroxide; spores; sporulation; sulfuric acid; waste utilization; China
- ... To minimize environmental contamination and waste of resources, distillers’ grain (DG) from the Chinese liquor industry was used to produce reducing sugars for Bacillus thuringiensis cultivation. Four different pretreatments, using sodium hydroxide (0.5–2% w/v, 50–121 °C, 1 h), calcium hydroxide (0.2–4% w/v, 50–121 °C, 1 h), dilute sulfuric acid (0.5–2% w/v, 50–121 °C, 1 h), and hot water (50–121 ...