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- Shokri Afra, Mohammad Javad, et al. Show all 4 Authors
- Energy & fuels 2019 v.33 no.5 pp. 3979-3988
- Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy; calcite; calcium; calcium chloride; carbonates; contact angle; freshwater; ionic strength; magnesium; magnesium chloride; moieties; pH; petroleum; polar compounds; saline water; scanning electron microscopy; soaking; sodium chloride; sodium sulfate; total organic carbon; water solubility; wettability
- ... In this study, the effects of amphiphilic water-soluble components of crude oil and ionic composition of water were investigated on the wettability alteration of a carbonate surface. Four different types of saltwater, which are made up of NaCl, MgCl₂, CaCl₂, and Na₂SO₄, with 0.5 M ionic strength, besides distilled water, were contacted with crude oil to be saturated with water-soluble components. ...