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- Kluczka, Joanna, et al. Show all 4 Authors
- Environmental monitoring and assessment 2017 v.189 no.8 pp. 422
- European Union; agricultural soils; alum; aluminum; bioavailability; byproducts; coagulants; crops; fertilizers; fractionation; heavy metals; ions; municipal wastewater; sewage sludge; toxicity; wastewater treatment
- ... Inorganic aluminum ions, [Al(H₂O)₆]³⁺, [Al(OH)(H₂O)₅]²⁺, and [Al(OH)₂(H₂O)₄]⁺, are toxic to a number of crops. The aim of this study was to estimate the danger of soil contamination of bioavailable aluminum and heavy metals forms because of alum sludge which was a by-product of water, and wastewater treatment technology using aluminum coagulant is introduced into the soil. Aluminum and selected he ...
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