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- Akhtar, Asma; Kazi, Tasneem Gul; Afridi, Hassan Imran; Musharraf, Syed Ghulam; Talpur, Farah Naz; Khan, Noman; Bilal, Muhammad; Khan, Mustafa
- Environmental science and pollution research international 2016 v.23 no.24 pp. 25288-25298
- smokeless tobacco, etc ; acceptable daily intake; average daily intake; chromium; detection limit; emulsions; ionic liquids; liquid-phase microextraction; mastication; neoplasms; pH; risk; saliva; statistical analysis; Show all 14 Subjects
- ... A novel dispersive liquid–liquid microextraction (ILDLLμE) method using an extracting solvent (ionic liquid) and dispersant (Triton X-114) was developed for the separation and preconcentration of hexavalent chromium (Cr⁶⁺) in artificial saliva extract (ASE) of chewing tobacco products, gutkha, and mainpuri (n = 23). In the proposed method, the extraction of Cr⁶⁺ was accomplished by using ammonium ...