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- Kramer, Russell D.; Sillett, Stephen C.; Van Pelt, Robert; Franklin, Jerry F.
- Forest ecology and management 2019 v.441 pp. 127-143
- Picea sitchensis; Pseudotsuga; allometry; appendages; chronosequences; conifers; ecosystems; guidelines; habitats; lidar; logging; longevity; mortality; old-growth forests; rain forests; shade tolerance; tree age; trees
- ... Large trees are critically important for structuring ecosystems and providing habitat, and trees with complex crowns provide more of these services than comparably sized trees with simple crowns. Forest managers are increasingly emulating old-growth structure by retaining various densities of aggregated and dispersed trees. This study explores how individual within-crown complexity develops in a w ...
- Schneider, Eryn E.; Affleck, David L.R.; Larson, Andrew J.
- Forest ecology and management 2019 v.441 pp. 9-19
- Larix occidentalis; Pinus ponderosa; Pseudotsuga menziesii; conifers; ecological function; forest canopy; forests; habitats; overstory; phenology; snow; spatial variation; terrestrial radiation; trees; understory; ungulates; water interception; water storage; winter
- ... Forests and snow covered regions frequently co-occur across the northern hemisphere. In these environments, forests are structurally and spatially complex mosaics of tree neighborhoods that are intrinsically linked to ecosystem functions. Tree and canopy structures influence snow accumulation and disappearance processes through interception and radiation attenuation. However, it is unclear if spat ...