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- Ibelings, Bas W.; Backer, Lorraine C.; Kardinaal, W. Edwin A.; Chorus, Ingrid
- Harmful algae 2014 v.40 pp. 63-74
- algae, etc ; Cyanobacteria; European Union; World Health Organization; bioactive compounds; biomass; body size; cylindrospermopsin; drinking water; expert opinion; freshwater; guidelines; health hazards; humans; mechanism of action; microcystin-LR; monitoring; neurotoxins; recreation areas; risk; risk assessment; risk management process; seafoods; swimming; toxicity; watersheds; Show all 26 Subjects
- ... Toxic cyanobacteria became more widely recognized as a potential health hazard in the 1990s, and in 1998 the World Health Organization (WHO) first published a provisional Guideline Value of 1μgL−1 for microcystin-LR in drinking-water. In this publication we compare risk assessment and risk management of toxic cyanobacteria in 17 countries across all five continents. We focus on the three main (ora ...
- PubMed Central:
- Guedes, Iamê Alves; da Costa Leite, Daniel Moreira; Manhães, Larissa Alves; Bisch, Paulo Mascarello; Azevedo, Sandra M.F.O.e.; Pacheco, Ana Beatriz Furlanetto
- Harmful algae 2014 v.39 pp. 303-309
- algae, etc ; Anabaena; Cylindrospermopsis; Microcystis; aquatic environment; biomass; genes; genetic variation; genotype; microcystins; phytoplankton; quantitative polymerase chain reaction; risk; risk assessment; toxicity; Show all 15 Subjects
- ... In the study of cyanobacterial communities, molecular methods can be used to detect and quantify toxin-producing strains and assess genotype diversity. These are promising methods for estimating the risk of exposure to the cyanobacterial toxin microcystin (MC), assuming that the abundance of toxic genotypes is related to the MC concentration. This assumption has been tested in many studies, most o ...