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- Wang, Xuan; Baker, Ian
- Hydrological processes 2017 v.31 no.4 pp. 871-879
- X-radiation; cooling; heat; ice; image analysis; microstructure; models; snow; temperature profiles; vapors
- ... To simplify the complex snow structures that occur in nature, polycrystalline ice spheres were produced and arranged vertically to model the sintering process. By controlling the temperatures on both the top and bottom of the ice sphere array, the effect of upward and downward vapor transfers was examined. The evolution of the neck areas between ice spheres was observed using X‐ray computed microt ...
- Mahmood, Taufique H.; Pomeroy, John W.; Wheater, Howard S.; Baulch, Helen M.
- Hydrological processes 2017 v.31 no.4 pp. 854-870
- basins; evapotranspiration; stream flow; snowpack; winter; cold zones; models; drought; spring; snow; rain; soil water; summer; runoff; prairies; snowmelt; Manitoba
- ... Extended severe dry and wet periods are frequently observed in the northern continental climate of the Canadian Prairies. Prairie streamflow is mainly driven by spring snowmelt of the winter snowpack, whilst summer rainfall is an important control on evapotranspiration and thus seasonality affects the hydrological response to drought and wet periods in complex ways. A field‐tested physically based ...