Jump to Main Content
- Yamada, Hodaka; Takatsuki, Seiki
- International journal of forestry research 2015 v.2015 no.687506
- Aralia elata; Carabidae; Cervus nippon; Clethra barbinervis; Cynanchum; Gryllacrididae; Hydrangea paniculata; Pterostyrax; Silphidae; Symplocos; deer; dung beetles; feces; forests; grazing; habitats; humidity; phytomass; shrubs; soil movement; summer; temperature; trees; Japan
- ... Sika deer (Cervus nippon) have experienced a rapid increase in the Japanese archipelago. Although the effects of deer grazing have been widely studied, the indirect effects have received little attention. Using an eight-year-old deer exclosure in western Tokyo (Japan), we studied the direct effects on plants and the indirect effects on insects and microenvironments. Plant biomass was 14 times high ...