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- Hogeland, Julie Ann
- Journal of Co-operative Organization and Management 2015 v.3 no.2 pp. 60-71
- cooperatives; family farms; grains; growers; industrialization; labor; livestock; markets; meat production; models; pork; prediction; risk; uncertainty; United States
- ... The 20th century industrialization of agriculture confronted U.S. agricultural cooperatives with responding to an event they neither initiated nor drove. Agrarian-influenced cooperatives used two metaphors, "serfdom" and "cooperatives are like a family" to manage uncertainty and influence producer expectations by predicting industrialization's eventual outcome and cooperatives' producer driven com ...