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- Lundström, Maria; Forsberg, Nils E.G.; Heimdahl, Jens; Hagenblad, Jenny; Leino, Matti W.
- Journal of archaeological science: Reports 2018 v.22 pp. 11-20
- DNA; Hordeum vulgare; agricultural development; archaeobotany; barley; crops; farmers; genetic analysis; genotype; genotyping; landraces; latitude; polymerase chain reaction; single nucleotide polymorphism; Denmark; Finland; Norway; Scandinavia; Sweden
- ... Barley, Hordeum vulgare L., has been cultivated in Fennoscandia (Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Finland) since the start of the Neolithic around 4000 years BCE. Genetic studies of extant and 19th century barley landraces from the area have previously shown that distinct genetic groups exist with geographic structure according to latitude, suggesting strong local adaptation of cultivated crops. It is, ho ...