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- Ullah, Aman, et al. Show all 3 Authors
- Journal of cleaner production 2019 v.206 pp. 622-630
- Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy; biomass; differential scanning calorimetry; fatty acid composition; flame ionization; industrial byproducts; linoleic acid; lipid content; magnetism; market value; mass spectrometry; microwave treatment; moieties; oleic acid; palmitic acid; phase transition; poultry industry; quantitative analysis; response surface methodology; spent hens; standard deviation; temperature; thermal degradation; thermogravimetry
- ... Spent hen, a poultry industry by-product with little market value and high lipid content, can be used as a new and sustainable biomass source for lipid production. This study focused on conventional extraction methods and compared them with the microwave-assisted extraction of lipids from the spent hen. Over 95% of the lipids were recovered within 10 min using microwaves. Factors affecting the ext ...