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- DeGrandi-Hoffman, Gloria; Gage, Stephanie L.; Corby-Harris, Vanessa; Carroll, Mark; Chambers, Mona; Graham, Henry; Watkins DeJong, Emily; Hidalgo, Geoffrey; Calle, Samantha; Azzouz-Olden, Farida; Meador, Charlotte; Snyder, Lucy; Ziolkowski, Nick
- Journal of insect physiology 2018
- Apis mellifera; Nosema; autumn; brood rearing; dietary supplements; fat body; fatty acids; gene expression; gene expression regulation; genes; herbivores; honey bee colonies; honey bees; hypopharyngeal glands; insect physiology; lipid content; malnutrition; nutrient content; nutrient requirements; nutrients; overwintering; pathogens; physiological response; planning; pollen; protein content; spring
- ... Free-ranging herbivores have yearly life cycles that generate dynamic resource needs. Honey bee colonies also have a yearly life cycle that might generate nutritional requirements that differ between times of brood rearing and colony expansion in the spring and population contraction and preparation for overwintering in the fall. To test this, we analyzed polyfloral mixes of spring and fall pollen ...