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- Davis, Andrew K.; Holden, Michael T.
- Journal of insects 2015 v.2015 no.591705
- Danaus plexippus; butterflies; females; flight; flight muscles; intraspecific variation; males; migratory behavior; strength (mechanics); thorax; wings; North America
- ... Optimal flight in butterflies depends on structural features of the wings and body, including wing size, flight muscle size, and wing loading. Arguably, there is no butterfly for which flight is more important than the monarch (Danaus plexippus), which undergoes long-distance migrations in North America. We examined morphological features of monarchs that would explain the apparent higher migrator ...