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- Bell, Natasha; Wickersham, Tryon; Sharma, Vijay; Callaway, Todd
- Livestock production and climate change 2015 ch.17 pp. 263-272
- carbon; cattle; cattle feeding; deamination; dietary protein; energy; environmental impact; fermentation; greenhouse gas emissions; greenhouse gases; ionophores; methane; methane production; propionic acid; proteolysis; rumen fermentation
- ... Ruminal fermentation is an inherently inefficient process converting up to 12% of dietary carbon and energy into end products (e.g. CH4) that are largely unusable by the animal. Ruminant nutritionists seek to modify fermentation, specifically by increasing ruminal propionic acid yield, reducing methanogenesis and decreasing ruminal proteolysis and deamination of dietary proteins in order to improv ...