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- Kevin K. Schrader; Charles L. Cantrell; Jacob O. Midiwo; Ilias Muhammad
- Natural Product Communications 2016 v.11 no.11 pp. 1679-1682
- Flavobacterium columnare; Ictalurus punctatus; Terminalia brownii; antibiotic resistance; antibiotics; bacteria; bark; bioassays; catfish; columnaris disease; ellagic acid; ethanol; fish industry; fractionation; high performance liquid chromatography; medicated feeds; minimum inhibitory concentration; plant extracts; pond culture; toxicity; United States
- ... The pond-raised channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus) industry in the United States of America can incur losses of over a $100 million annually due to bacterial diseases including columnaris disease caused by Flavobacterium columnare. One management approach available to catfish producers is the use of medicated-feed containing antibiotics. However, the negative attributes of antibiotic use in agr ...