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- Liu, Yuying, et al. Show all 3 Authors
- Nutrients 2018 v.10 no.10
- animal models; antigens; bacteria; biochemical pathways; colitis; immune system; inflammation; intestinal microorganisms; intestines; metabolism; metabolites; nucleosides; polysaccharides; probiotics; randomized clinical trials; receptors; rheumatoid arthritis; sclerosis; short chain fatty acids; tryptophan
- ... Probiotics have been used to ameliorate gastrointestinal symptoms since ancient times. Over the past 40 years, probiotics have been shown to impact the immune system, both in vivo and in vitro. This interaction is linked to gut microbes, their polysaccharide antigens, and key metabolites produced by these bacteria. At least four metabolic pathways have been implicated in mechanistic studies of pro ...