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- Ward, Robert E.; Benninghoff, Abby D.; Hintze, Korry J.
- Nutrition research 2020 v.78 pp. 1-10
- animal models; biochemical pathways; chronic diseases; cooking; dietary fat; digestive system; emulsifiers; etiology; experimental diets; food composition; food matrix; foods; genetically modified organisms; germ-free animals; human population; humans; intestinal microorganisms; metabolic syndrome; microbiome; oxidation
- ... Animal models of chronic disease are continuously being refined and have evolved with the goal of increasing the translation of results to human populations. Examples of this progress include transgenic models and germ-free animals conventionalized with human microbiota. The gut microbiome is involved in the etiology of several chronic diseases. Therefore, consideration of the experimental conditi ...
- Ao, Hua; Li, Jiachun; Li, Ouwen; Su, Manyi; Gao, Xiao
- Nutrition research 2020 v.78 pp. 60-71
- added sugars; beverages; biochemical pathways; decision making; energy intake; food intake; fructose; glucose; high energy foods; humans; ideal body weight; metabolic syndrome; obesity; risk factors; women
- ... Recent research on the health impacts of added sugar has prompted the comparison of the effects of its 2 major components: glucose and fructose. Fructose was identified as a risk factor for obesity and metabolic syndrome. However, because of the differences in metabolic responses and responsivity of reward circuitry to palatable food, it is unknown if glucose and fructose induce similar appetite-r ...