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- Dahl, Wendy J.; Hung, Wei-Lun; Ford, Amanda L.; Suh, Joon Hyuk; Auger, Jerémié; Nagulesapillai, Varuni; Wang, Yu
- Nutrition research 2020 v.78 pp. 72-81
- bioavailability; blood serum; cardiovascular diseases; carnitine; dementia; excretion; fermentation; food intake; genes; high protein diet; intestinal microorganisms; liquid chromatography; metabolites; prebiotics; probiotics; proteolysis; red meat; ribosomal RNA; risk; sequence analysis; sulfates; tandem mass spectrometry; trimethylamine; women
- ... Diets including red meat and other animal-sourced foods may increase proteolytic fermentation and microbial-generated trimethylamine (TMA) and, subsequently, trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO), a metabolite associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease and dementia. It was hypothesized that compared to usual dietary intake, a maintenance-energy high-protein diet (HPD) would increase products ...
- Tatucu-Babet, Oana A.; Forsyth, Adrienne; Owen, Emma; Navarro-Perez, Diana; Radcliffe, Jessica; Benheim, Devin; Mendis, Himasha; Jois, Markandeya; Itsiopoulos, Catherine; Tierney, Audrey C.
- Nutrition research 2020 v.78 pp. 82-92
- C-reactive protein; adults; biomarkers; blood serum; body composition; body mass index; enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay; females; intestines; lipopolysaccharides; males; permeability; waist circumference
- ... The association between intestinal permeability (IP) and body composition remains unclear. The gold standard differential sugar-absorption test is arduous to complete, with zonulin being increasingly used as an independent biomarker of IP. This pilot study aimed to explore the association between small IP, zonulin concentrations, and body composition in healthy adults. The urinary lactulose-rhamno ...