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- Ao, Hua; Li, Jiachun; Li, Ouwen; Su, Manyi; Gao, Xiao
- Nutrition research 2020 v.78 pp. 60-71
- added sugars; beverages; biochemical pathways; decision making; energy intake; food intake; fructose; glucose; high energy foods; humans; ideal body weight; metabolic syndrome; obesity; risk factors; women
- ... Recent research on the health impacts of added sugar has prompted the comparison of the effects of its 2 major components: glucose and fructose. Fructose was identified as a risk factor for obesity and metabolic syndrome. However, because of the differences in metabolic responses and responsivity of reward circuitry to palatable food, it is unknown if glucose and fructose induce similar appetite-r ...
- Dahl, Wendy J.; Hung, Wei-Lun; Ford, Amanda L.; Suh, Joon Hyuk; Auger, Jerémié; Nagulesapillai, Varuni; Wang, Yu
- Nutrition research 2020 v.78 pp. 72-81
- bioavailability; blood serum; cardiovascular diseases; carnitine; dementia; excretion; fermentation; food intake; genes; high protein diet; intestinal microorganisms; liquid chromatography; metabolites; prebiotics; probiotics; proteolysis; red meat; ribosomal RNA; risk; sequence analysis; sulfates; tandem mass spectrometry; trimethylamine; women
- ... Diets including red meat and other animal-sourced foods may increase proteolytic fermentation and microbial-generated trimethylamine (TMA) and, subsequently, trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO), a metabolite associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease and dementia. It was hypothesized that compared to usual dietary intake, a maintenance-energy high-protein diet (HPD) would increase products ...