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- Qin, Fang; Gao, Yongxin; Xu, Peng; Guo, Baoyuan; Li, Jianzhong; Wang, Huili
- Pest management science 2015 v.71 no.4 pp. 553-561
- fipronil, etc ; Eisenia fetida; bioaccumulation; biomass; earthworms; ecotoxicology; enantiomers; risk; soil; soil insects; subchronic exposure; subchronic toxicity; tissues; Show all 13 Subjects
- ... BACKGROUND: Enantiomers of chiral pesticides often have different bioactivity, toxicity and environmental behaviours. Fipronil has been used in racemate for agricultural purposes against soil insects, leading to increased inputs into soil environments and complex biota exposures. To understand the potential risk associated with fipronil enantiomer exposure, subchronic toxicity and bioaccumulation ...
- Morales‐Rodriguez, Anuar; Wanner, Kevin W
- Pest management science 2015 v.71 no.4 pp. 584-591
- fipronil, etc ; Hypnoidus; Limonius californicus; barley; bioassays; crops; field experimentation; insects; larvae; mortality; pests; plant protection; planting; seed treatment; seedlings; seeds; soil; thiamethoxam; toxicity; wheat; Pacific States; Show all 21 Subjects
- ... BACKGROUND: Wireworms, the larval stage of click beetles (family Elateridae), are significant soil pests of wheat and barley crops in the Pacific Northwest. At present, few pest management alternatives exist. For several decades, wireworms were effectively controlled by first‐generation insecticides applied to the soil or as seed treatments. Currently used neonicotinoid insecticides protect crop s ...