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- Helm, Bryan R.; Rinehart, Joseph P.; Yocum, George D.; Greenlee, Kendra J.; Bowsher, Julia H.
- Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 2017 v.114 no.41 pp. 10924-10929
- Osmia lignaria; adults; body size; economic valuation; insect larvae; juvenile hormones; juveniles; phenotype; phenotypic variation; pollinators; pupation; solitary bees; starvation
- ... Body size is an important phenotypic trait that correlates with performance and fitness. For determinate growing insects, body size variation is determined by growth rate and the mechanisms that stop growth at the end of juvenile growth. Endocrine mechanisms regulate growth cessation, and their relative timing along development shapes phenotypic variation in body size and development time. Larval ...
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