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- Silvestro, Daniele, et al. Show all 6 Authors
- Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 2015 v.112 no.19 pp. 6110-6115
- biodiversity; climate; evolution; fossils; oceanography; North America; Panama; South America
- ... The linking of North and South America by the Isthmus of Panama had major impacts on global climate, oceanic and atmospheric currents, and biodiversity, yet the timing of this critical event remains contentious. The Isthmus is traditionally understood to have fully closed by ca. 3.5 million years ago (Ma), and this date has been used as a benchmark for oceanographic, climatic, and evolutionary res ...
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