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- Oken, Kiva L., et al. Show all 8 Authors
- Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 2015 v.112 no.21 pp. 6648-6652
- fish; fisheries; food webs; forage; humans; issues and policy; predators
- ... Forage fish support the largest fisheries in the world but also play key roles in marine food webs by transferring energy from plankton to upper trophic-level predators, such as large fish, seabirds, and marine mammals. Fishing can, thereby, have far reaching consequences on marine food webs unless safeguards are in place to avoid depleting forage fish to dangerously low levels, where dependent pr ...
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