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- Lee, Stephen T.; Panter, Kip E.; Gay, Clive C.; Pfister, James A.; Ralphs, Michael H.; Gardner, Dale R.; Stegelmeier, Bryan; Motteram, Ernie S.; Cook, Daniel; Welch, Kevin D.; Green, Benedict T.; Davis, T. Zane
- Rangelands 2008 v.30 no.6 pp. 13
- calves; cattle diseases; congenital abnormalities; musculoskeletal diseases; disease incidence; Lupinus; fetotoxicity; teratogenicity; teratogens; alkaloids; disease control; Washington; Oregon; Idaho; Montana; Kansas; British Columbia
Many of the incidences report only calves that are destroyed. In our experience, there are substantial numbers of affected calves with minor to moderate leg deformities that eventually recover, and perform adequately in the feedlot with minor growth retardation. The real economic losses are not only calf deaths. Costs due to dystocia, caesarian sections, cow deaths, and added veterinary care are ...