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- Van Geluwe, Steven; Braeken, Leen; Robberecht, Thomas; Jans, Maarten; Creemers, Claude; Van der Bruggen, Bart
- Resources, conservation, and recycling 2011 v.56 no.1 pp. 34-42
- anion exchange; calcium carbonate; calcium sulfate; desalination; drinking water; economic feasibility; ions; nanofiltration; nitrates; reverse osmosis; risk; water reuse; Germany; Japan
- ... The water recovery of nanofiltration in drinking water production is limited to 80–85%. When the water recovery is increased, there is a risk of scaling of sparingly soluble salts, such as CaSO₄ or CaCO₃, onto the membrane surface. There is a need for robust technologies that handle the problem of mineral scaling in nanofiltration and reverse osmosis, allowing operation at higher recoveries, i.e., ...