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- Pedrero, Francisco; Albuquerque, António; Marecos do Monte, Helena; Cavaleiro, Victor; Alarcón, Juan José
- Resources, conservation, and recycling 2011 v.56 no.1 pp. 105-116
- aquifers; basins; constructed wetlands; drying; geographic information systems; groundwater contamination; heavy metals; monitoring; multi-criteria decision making; nutrients; pathogens; recycling; risk; rural areas; sand; texture; thematic maps; wastewater; wastewater treatment; water table; Portugal
- ... Reclaimed water from small wastewater treatment facilities in the rural areas of the Beira Interior region (Portugal) may constitute an alternative water source for aquifer recharge. A 21-month monitoring period in a constructed wetland treatment system has shown that 21,500m³year⁻¹ of treated wastewater (reclaimed water) could be used for aquifer recharge. A GIS-based multi-criteria analysis was ...
- Rugani, B.; Pulselli, R.M.; Niccolucci, V.; Bastianoni, S.
- Resources, conservation, and recycling 2011 v.56 no.1 pp. 117-125
- cultural heritage; drinking; emergy; environmental impact; environmental performance; gardening; handicrafts; population density; rain; recycling; risk; solar energy; washing; water management; water supply; Italy
- ... In the late Middle Ages, the city of Siena (Italy) had a high population density and had to face the problem of supplying water within the city walls for housing, crafts, economic and commercial activities, as well as for the risk of fire. A network of underground drifts, namely “Bottini”, was then built, achieving a total length of about 25km in the late XIV Century. The Bottini have been capturi ...