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- Bull, Joseph W.; Ejrnæs, Rasmus; Macdonald, David W.; Svenning, Jens‐Christian; Sandom, Christopher J.
- Restoration ecology 2019 v.27 no.1 pp. 198-209
- Canis lupus; Cervus elaphus; conservation areas; ecosystems; extinction; fences; intraspecific competition; landscapes; mortality; population density; population dynamics; predators; prey species; species abundance; species dispersal; wolves; Scotland
- ... The use of fences in conservation can be controversial, as artificial barriers constrain natural behavior and ecological dynamics. However, in the case of large predators inhabiting protected areas within a hostile human‐dominated landscape, predators may remain at low densities if they face high mortality upon leaving the reserve. In turn, this may compromise the potential for density‐dependent e ...