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- Heye, Katharina; Lotz, Thorsten; Wick, Arne; Oehlmann, Jörg
- Water research 2019 v.156 pp. 92-101
- Chironomus riparius; anticonvulsants; ecotoxicology; freshwater ecosystems; hydrologic cycle; laboratory experimentation; larvae; midges; mortality; organic matter; population density; risk; temperature; toxicity
- ... The toxicity of contaminants in freshwater ecosystems can increase in combination with environmental stress, leading to a potential underestimation of risk in conventional assessments. The number of multiple-stress experiments in ecotoxicology is growing constantly, but pharmaceuticals have mostly been disregarded. As an omnipresent pharmaceutical in the water cycle, the antiepileptic drug carbama ...