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- Sillanpää, Mika, et al. Show all 5 Authors
- Renewable energy 2020 v.146 pp. 2158-2169
- Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy; X-ray diffraction; X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy; acetone; biodiesel; carbon; catalysts; catalytic activity; cooking fats and oils; fatty acid methyl esters; feedstocks; fuel production; gas chromatography-mass spectrometry; kitchen waste; lard; methanol; nanomaterials; nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy; oxides; scanning electron microscopy; stable isotopes; tetrahydrofuran; transesterification; transmission electron microscopy
- ... The main objective of the present paper comprises the investigation of biodiesel production from low-cost feedstock such as lard oil and waste cooking oil (WCO) using Sr–Al double oxides. Nanocatalyst was characterised FTIR, XRD, SEM, TEM, BET and XPS. The Sr:Al with 3:1 M ratio showed the best catalytic activity in the conversion of both oils to fatty acid methyl ester. The effect of acetone and ...