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- Mohamed, Badr A.; Ellis, Naoko; Kim, Chang Soo; Bi, Xiaotao
- Renewable energy 2019 v.142 pp. 304-315
- Panicum virgatum; activation energy; bentonite; biofuels; biomass; catalysts; catalytic cracking; kinetics; lignin; phenols; pyrolysis; quartz; reaction mechanisms; sand; temperature; thermal conductivity; thermogravimetry; vapors
- ... Thermogravimetric analysis was performed to differentiate between the thermal and thermo-catalytic decomposition behaviour and kinetics of switchgrass (SG) pyrolysis and catalytic pyrolysis using bentonite or clinoptilolite. Silica sand was tested as an inert material with a thermal conductivity close to bentonite. Using a three-parallel reaction mechanism, it is shown that bentonite and clinoptil ...