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- Tsiakmakis, Stefanos, et al. Show all 8 Authors
- Energy 2019 v.169 pp. 1153-1165
- carbon dioxide; certification; greenhouse gas emissions; models; prediction; standard deviation
- ... CO2 emissions of light-duty vehicles are certified over standardised, laboratory-based conditions and reported to the consumers. Such tests reflect specific operating conditions that differ from what an individual driver experiences. Vehicle simulation can bridge the gap and help provide customised, vehicle and trip-specific values. This study investigates the potential of using a simulation-based ...