Jump to Main Content
- Yu, Jinhui, et al. Show all 9 Authors
- Environmental science & technology 2018 v.52 no.18 pp. 10787-10795
- arsenic; atomic absorption spectrometry; cadmium; case-control studies; heavy metals; humans; lead; maternal exposure; neonates; nickel; risk; rodents; synergism; tissues; umbilical cord; uterus
- ... Although arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb), and nickel (Ni) have the ability to induce orofacial clefts (OFCs) in rodents, evidence is absent from human epidemiological investigations with markers of in utero exposure. We investigated the associations between concentrations of As, Cd, Pb, and Ni in umbilical cord tissues and risk of OFCs, and the interactions between each pair of metals on OFC ...